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Updated 07 September 2017   Lovekin Ltd 2009-2017    registered in England & Wales No.3950749    Little Courshay  EX13 5XF

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Manual and Thermostatic Radiator Valves

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Manual radiator valves are simple radiator valves opened and closed by hand. Typically they come in pairs, one wheelhead valve and one lockshield valve, fitted to opposite ends of the radiator.


Modern radiator valves are fitted to the bottom of the radiator; some older radiators have one valve fitted at the bottom and one at the top, usually on opposite ends. Certain new radiators have the valves fitted at the bottom of the radiator, midway along its length.


Normally the only difference between the wheelhead valve and the lockshield valve is the plastic cap; the wheelhead cap turns its valve whereas the lockshield cap locks its valve in a set position or spins freely without engaging the valve.


The wheelhead valve is normally used either fully open or fully closed, depending on whether you want the radiator on or off.


The lockshield valve is set to a certain position during radiator balancing and then remains fixed in this position. To set the valve you take off the plastic lockshield cap and then use either a spanner or the wheelhead cap (from the other valve) to turn the lockshield valve.

When you have the valve correctly set you refit the lockshield cap which prevents the valve setting from being altered.

Photo of a wheelhead radiator valve. A wheelhead radiator valve is a manual valve. Honeywell VT117 thermostatic radiator valve Straight pattern 180 Honeywell VT200 Classic thermostatic radiator valve (TRV) Right angled Honeywell VT200 Classic thermostatic radiator valve Honeywell VT200 Classic thermostatic radiator valve (TRV) showing the valve body, thermostatic head and the grey decorators' cap Photo of a 90 Honeywell rad valve with a manual wheelhead Picture of a 180 lockshield radiator valve. This is a manual radiator valve. Photo of a large, chunky Peglers Belmont wheelhead radiator valve Photo showing the gland nut on a manual radiator valve Picture of a 180 wheelhead radiator valve. Photo showing how PTFE tape is wound onto a radiator valve tail Photo showing PTFE tape smoothly bedded in on the threaded tail of a radiator valve prior to fitting to the radiator Photo of a lockshield radiator valve. A lockshield radiator valve is a manual valve.

Right angled (90) wheelhead and lockshield radiator valves. The only difference between these two manual valves is the cap. The wheelhead cap turns the valve; the lockshield cap locks the valve and prevents it turning and altering the set position chosen

Straight (180) wheelhead and lockshield radiator valves. Again, the only difference between these two manual valves is the cap.

The manual radiator valves in these photos are Altecnic Eclipse. We choose to use these manual valves because they are well made and give us no trouble with leaking glands.


Unfortunately most of the manual radiator valves around are cheap and nasty and, if used, prone to leaking.


Unless a valve had been badly fitted or damaged, the most likely cause of leakage is a leaking gland. The gland is the point at which the spindle of the valve passes into the valve body.

Click on an image for a bigger picture

Manual radiator valve with the plastic cap removed. The first nut down the spindle (here coloured in red) is the gland nut

The packing in the gland is designed to prevent water leaking out around the spindle and is compressed around the spindle by the gland nut, shown coloured red in the photo above. Tightening this nut compresses the packing and may stop any leakage. If you tighten too far the spindle becomes too stiff to turn.


Some manual valves have gland nuts which are already tightened hard down and are sealed internally by an 'O' ring. These valves show no visible thread on the gland nut itself. Once the 'O' ring wears, the valve will leak. If this type of valve leaks, setting the valve either fully closed or fully open may, temporarily, control the leaking but the valve will need to be changed.


It may be possible to replace the 'O' ring in the gland but removing the gland nut completely is risky; on some valves the spindle may come right out together with loads of dirty water.     Back to the top

This large wheelhead radiator valve is an old fashioned Peglers Belmont manual valve. Most radiator valves are "

This chunky  ” valve was used on larger cast iron radiators.

Manual Radiator Valves — Wheelhead and Lockshield

This page is still under construction. We'll add information about thermostatic radiator valves as soon as we can. We'll also be dealing with replacing radiator valves.

Thermostatic Radiator Valves — TRVs

This page is still under construction. We'll add more information about thermostatic radiator valves as soon as we can. We'll also be dealing with replacing radiator valves.

A selection of Honeywell thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs)

Applying PTFE tape to the threaded tail of a lockshield manual radiator valve

The taped tail of the lockshield valve, ready to be fitted into the radiator

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